In this article we want to give you some information about tax residency/neighbourhood/enrolment in the census of a town. This article brought to you by our business partner ACF economists & lawyers in Torre del Mar, commented by Adolfo Campos Fernández:
Tax residency/neighbourhood/enrolment in the cansus of a town!
A person is regarded as a foreigner when he/she has a nationality different from the Spanish one.
The nationals of the countries belonging to the European Union are applied a more flexible rule, when it comes to the free movement of persons within the E.U. When entering Spain, these nationals only have to produce a valid passport of identity card, in force.
In the case of residency in Spain, whatever the aim and up to three months, a national of a country within the European Union is only to have either a passport or a proper identity card, in force.
Should the residency be over three months, the person is to apply for her/his enrolment in the Central Registry of Foreigners.
The newness is that employees must produce an employment certificate or an employment declaration by their employer. Self-employeed or sole traders must provide some sort of proof of their self-employment; when a person is not working in Spain (or cannot prove so) must comply with the two following requirements: 1º Health insurance, either private or public.2º Proof of enough resources (income/gains/assets) to live on for her/him and the members of her/his family.
In regards to the census, every person who lives in Spain is obliged to enrol in the census of the town where he/she usually dwells. The town census is the administrative registry where all its neighbours are to be enrolled. Their data are proof of residency in the town in question and, therefore, where their main home is.
If we add to the above that a person is considered tax resident when he/she spends, at least, 6 months in Spain, this person is to declare her/his worldwide income/gains/assets in Spain (with a very few exceptions), we can see clearly a conection between the enrolment in a census, registry of foreigners and tax residency even though the three of them are different things. Let us not forget the hardening of the requirements to have access to the public health service in each Comunidad Autónoma (Spanish Community), similar requirements to the mentioned above.
May we firmly recomment that any foreigner either from a E.U. country or not who decides to live in Spain permanently , should obtain the compulsory and necessary documents previously mentioned, for a great many arrangements. A lot of problems will be avoided for residency provement purposes, also these documents will be of a great deal of help before the Spanish administrations.